Leadership styles in nursing management:
April 19, Nurses play vital roles in health care organizations. How they are managed by their leaders can drastically affect their performance and influence patient outcomes.
It is important to understand the different leadership styles that are often found in the workplace, as well as their effects on the staff and those under their care. Transactional Leadership A leader of this type will try to ensure that the staff complies with rules by instituting a system of rewards and punishments.
Those individuals who follow his or her instructions and achieve the set targets will be rewarded accordingly. On the other hand, those who fail to obey and to reach the goals will be punished for their transgressions.
This style is firmly focused on the supervision of subordinates, keeping the organization running smoothly and improving group performance. There is a keen interest in the work done by followers to find deviations.
This leadership style is effective in managing a crisis and completing highly detailed projects. Transformational Leadership This style is leadership by example. They see the hard work from the top as well as the concern for their well-being.
They perform beyond all expectations because they put in more effort than usual. They no longer put themselves first as they place more importance on what is best for the organization. Leaders provide a clear vision of the future that motivates staff members to exceed themselves.
Old assumptions and traditions are questioned to come up with novel ideas for solving problems more effectively. Democratic Leadership With this style, the team is encouraged to speak up and join in the decision-making process.
The open communication makes all staff members feel that their voices matter. They are more concerned about the things that go on in the organization knowing that they can influence situations if they act on them. Workers are given their own personal responsibilities and are accountable for reaching certain targets.
They get feedback on their performance, which allows them to adjust if necessary. The focus is on improving the quality of the systems and processes, not on finding errors made by the individual team members.
Authoritarian Leadership This approach is the opposite of the democratic style as the leader calls all the shots. Decisions are made rapidly without any form of consultation with the staff. All the power is concentrated at the top, and individuals at the bottom can only follow.
Knowledge may be kept in the hands of a few to keep the power within their ranks. When mistakes happen, authoritarians make an example of the offenders by punishing them in front of their peers. The blame is always on the individuals despite faulty processes.
On the other hand, this style may be required in emergency situations when fast action is necessary. Laissez-faire Leadership In this style, very little supervision is exercised by the leaders. They prefer to take a hands-off approach to daily operations. They would rather let people do what they need to do on their own, perhaps trusting that they will be able to do well without guidance.
While it does promote independent thinking, this approach can have several negative consequences. Important decisions are not made on time.
Few changes ever happen at the workplace.
Quality improvements happen only when the situation begs for it. This style is frequently used by inexperienced leaders who are still learning, as well as transitional managers who are simply waiting for someone to replace them.important, which completely depends on the job satisfaction among nurses.
Since most of the nursing practice is carried out as group works, having a leadership is quite a natural factor in this profession (Huber, ). May 14, · Nielsen et al. have stated that leadership behavior and job satisfaction will depend on the organizational context; therefore another objective of this research was to understand how the leadership behavior of the administrator in different organizational cultures affects job satisfaction.
impact of leadership styles among head nurses on level of job satisfaction among staff nurses Background: According to the studies made previously, it has been shown that the underlying basis of any communication between employees and leaders are the leadership styles.
whether nurse managers’ leadership styles have an impact on nurses’ intent to turnover. Nurse Managers with more than one year of management experience were asked to complete the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-5X). Jan 11, · Introduction.
Employees’ job satisfaction and commitment depends upon the leadership style of managers. This study clarifies further the relationships between leadership behaviors of managers and two employees’ work-related attitudes-job satisfaction and organizational at public hospitals in Iran.
The increased development of transformational leadership behaviours increases nurses’ job satisfaction and thus contributes to an increased retention of nurses. Implications for nursing management The ability of hospitals to address the leadership styles of head nurses and their impacts on job satisfaction will be strengthened.