Freedom of Expression and Risk If we are too afraid to say things because the consequences outweigh human progress, then we must all ask ourselves, "What are we even living for? The difficulty is ever clearer when 'blind faith' is coupled with social media, an almost inescapable digital footprint, and the hunger for equality, truth, and self-expression. Now, we must acknowledge that online communities and platforms are facilitating discussions which were previously held in court, the plaza, or the corner cafe.
Freedom of expression on the internet 1. Introduction This study examines the practice of freedom of expression on the Internet. Questions like how to strike a balance between freedom of expression and regulation of hate speech on the Internet in order to avoid internet censorship forms the underlying thesis in this paper and is core to the discussion.
The debate shall be limited to whether regulation of the Internet including regulation of hate speech should be kept to the minimum in order to empower individuals to make up their own minds on important issues which increases the likelihood that they will become active participants in democracy as opposed to regulation of the Internet which may result into total curtailment of freedom of expression on the Internet and thereby create Internet censorship.
The paper shall discuss the extent to which the government s should be allowed to ban hate speech on the Internet, without necessarily infringing the right to freedom of expression and causing Internet censorship. Though originally lauded and praised as a wonderful medium of communication and the epitome of freedom of expression, the Internet as a medium of communication has produced increased tensions especially in relation to the hate speech, defamation, indecent speech, and pornography among others.
In this paper, I will in the interest of space and relevance to the topic under study restrict my discussion to hate speech on the Internet.
The Internet provides purveyors of hate materials with a new method of distribution, and has left some questioning whether current laws are obsolete.
It offers the means for any individual with access to a computer and a gateway to the Internet to participate in a free flow of information and ideas with others across the world.
Yet that very potential to transcend national borders and impart information regardless of frontiers means that the Internet is also the subject of concerted efforts by governments to restrict freedoms and violate basic human rights such as the rights to privacy, freedom of expression and freedom of information.
Their objective is often to prevent dissemination of information that is critical of them, as well as to track and monitor dissidents, some of whom may subsequently be imprisoned for exercising their right to freedom of expression.
Such national restrictions can affect not just those living in that country but all who seek to impart or receive information about it. At the apex of international human rights instruments lies the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of Its provisions dealing expressly with freedom of expression are set out in Art 19, which states: The right to freedom of opinion and expression as proclaimed in article 19 of the UDHR constitutes a cornerstone of democratic society.
The right to freedom of opinion and expression, including the freedom of information, is an absolute prerequisite for a democratic society. Under no circumstances should a person be imprisoned for expression of his views As Mill stated in On Liberty, it is morally important to protect freedom of expression.
One reason is that freedom of expression is a freedom that intrinsically matters a lot to most people. It involves both the freedom to express our beliefs and values, and the freedom to be informed by the publicly expressed beliefs and values of others.
A second reason that it is morally important to protect freedom of expression is that freedom of expression typically promotes the discovery of, and the respect for, the truth. By common sense, it is unethical for the state to impose any form of censorship.
However, censorship itself is a long-lasting operation Oboler, There are various reasons for censorship; sometimes information is censored because of political, social, economic, religious, philosophical, moral, ideological, military, corporate, and educational reasons, where people feel material offers an attack on themselves and their personal values Oboler, The focus and the degree of such censorship differ between countries.
Censorship is evident in various contexts such as public libraries Thompson,school libraries Oboler,and in press as evidenced in the monograph on censorship and the press in Britain and the Netherlands edited by Duke and Tamse Such censorship often takes the form of e.
It is also evident in other contexts such as theatre, religion and politics as revealed in a monograph edited by Hadfield on literature and censorship in England.
In that monograph there is also evidence that censorship was applied to educational sources, music and entertainment, pictures, etc. Therefore, censorship can take many forms. For instance, McDonald The government is the most important enforcer of censorship as will be reflected in the country reports.
The state can also block Web pages, websites and other Internet information resources. Various means of filtering by the State can be noted e. Faris and Villeneuve One of the major concerns of Internet use is the freedom to post information on the Web which is unlimited in some instances without a review process.
It is a platform where anyone can post a professional-looking website that contains biased, incorrect, or dangerous information Colaric, Freedom of Speech: A Double-edged Sword - Freedom of speech has been a topic of discussion for many years.
Since democracy was established in many countries to provide safety and rights, freedom of speech has been one of the most important rights in any constitution. 1. Introduction. This study examines the practice of freedom of expression on the Internet.
There is no way that Internet should be discussed disregarding the .
Discuss how censorship of the media is a violation of the freedom of expression and its impact on businesses in Malaysia. Censorship is the resistor of information and ideas distributed within a society, or can be defined as the act of changing a message, including the change of deletion (complete elimination of the message), between the sender and receiver.
Military Religious Freedom Foundation Protecting the Constitutional Guarantee of Separation of Church and State in the United States Military. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
There was a pretty massive shift in the s and s when northern Democrats starting supporting the civil rights movement (among other things).