An overview of the male reproductive system

The severity of the inflammatory response depends on the material aspirated, the type of bacteria aspirated, and the distribution of aspirated material in the lungs. Liquids given by drench or dose syringe should not be delivered faster than the animal can swallow. The muscles of deglutition may be affected in lambs with nutritional myopathy. Pigs fed fine particulate food in dry environments may inhale feed granules.

An overview of the male reproductive system

Menopause Female reproductive system definition The female reproductive system is made up of internal organs and external structures. Its function is to enable reproduction of the species.

Sexual maturation is the process that this system undergoes in order to carry out its role in the process of pregnancy and birth. Internal reproductive organs The uterus, or womb, is a hollow organ located centrally in the pelvis.

It houses the developing fetus during pregnancy. The lower portion of the uterus is called the cervix and opens into the vagina, or birth canal.

An opening in the cervix allows for the passage of sperm into the uterus and the exit of menstrual blood. This same opening dilates during labor to allow passage of the baby through the birth canal.

Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System

Arising from the upper portion of the uterus on each side are the Fallopian tubes. These are channels that allow eggs from the ovaries to enter the uterus. The process of fertilization of an egg by a sperm cell typically happens in the Fallopian tubes, and the fertilized egg moves into the uterus where it is implanted.

Beside the uterus on each side and near the opening of the Fallopian tubes are the small, oval ovaries. They produce hormones and contain eggs. They are covered with hair after puberty. They contain glands that produce sweat and oils.

Inside the labia majora are the labia minora, smaller protrusions of flesh that surround the openings to the urethra that allows passage or urine and the vagina.

An overview of the male reproductive system

At the junction of the labia minora is the clitoris, a small structure that is covered by a skin fold called the prepuce. The clitoris is comparable to the male penis and is highly sensitive. The menstrual cycle The menstrual cycle is the monthly cycle of follicle and egg maturation, release of an egg ovulationand preparation of the uterine lining for pregnancy.

If a woman does not become pregnantthe uterine lining tissue is shed as menstrual blood. Most menstrual cycles occur every 28 days. Menarche is the time during adolescence when menstrual periods begin. Menstrual periods continue to occur until a woman reaches menopause.

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Follicular phase The follicular phase is the beginning of the menstrual cycle. It starts on the first day of menstrual bleeding and usually lasts about 14 days. The hormones follicle-stimulating hormone FSH and luteinizing hormone LH are released from the pituitary gland to stimulate the ovaries.

In turn, the ovaries produce estrogen and stimulate the maturation of about 15 to 20 eggs in the ovaries inside small cystic areas known as follicles. Once estrogen levels begin to rise, the secretion of FSH is reduced by a feedback system so that follicle stimulation ceases at the appropriate time.Information about the male anatomy and the male reproductive system.

The reproductive system includes the penis, scrotum, testicles, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and urethra. Drugs, environmental factors, genetics, age, and disease can affect how these structures function. Sep 14,  · The female reproductive system is a complicated but fascinating subject.

It has the capability to function intimately with nearly every other body system for the purpose of reproduction. Male reproductive system terms Orchid/o, test/o Testes (male gonad) * Orchiditis, orchidectomy, testicular artery, testosterone (male sex hormone) Balan/o Head of .

Physiology of the Male Reproductive System

The female reproductive system is primarily regulated by five hormones including estrogen, progesterone, gonadotropin releasing hormone, follicle.

The hypothalamus itself is influenced by hormonal factors that are male or female specific. Female Reproductive Tract and Reproductive Behaviour. The anatomy of the female reproductive tract includes the external genitalia and vagina, the cervix, the uterus, the oviduct and the ovary.

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